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如何设置期初凭证/余额How to configure Opening Entries/Balance



  • How to configure Opening Entries/Balance
    如何设置期初凭证/余额

    1)Create an Opening Entries Journal: In most of the Chart of Accounts this comes by default. If it's not present, create a journal "Opening Entries Journal" with Type="Opening/Closing Situation". Check the "Centralized Counterpart" option. 1a) create an Account "Opening Expense Account" of Internal Type="Regular" and Account Type="Expense" and set this as the Default Debit Account for the above journal 1b) create an Account "Opening Income Account" of Internal Type="Regular" and Account Type="Income" and set this as the Default Credit Account for the above journal
    1)创建一个期初分录:在大多数会计科目表中默认包含这个分录。如果没有包含,创建一个分录“期初分录”,类型为“开/关情形”,勾选“集中相对”选项。
    1a)创建一个科目“期初费用科目”,内部类型为“定期”,科目类型为“费用”,并且设置这个为默认为上面分录的默认借方科目。
    1b)创建一个科目“期初收益科目”,内部类型为“定期”,科目类型为“收入”,并且设置这个作为上面分录的默认贷方科目。
    2)Now go to Accounting->Journal Entries-> Journal Entries and click "Create" to create the opening journal entry
    2)现在通过菜单“会计→配置→会计→分录”,点击“创建”来创建期初分录。

    1. Now select Journal="Opening Etnries Journal" and add all your Accounts here with their Opening balances. Make sure you enter the amount in credit or debit columns based on the opening balance type of respective accounts
      3)现在选择分录“期初分录”,并且添加所有有余额的科目。请确认你输入的借方和贷方栏基于相对科目的期初余额类型。
    2. Once all entries are made, save the journal entry and post it. If the opening entries you entered are unbalanced (means sum of credits are not equal to sum of debits), then automatically the balance amount will be posted to the Default Debit Account or Default Credit Account of the Journal created in the first step
      4)一旦所有的凭证创建完成,报春这个分录并且过账。如果你输入的期初分录不平衡(贷方总和和借方总和不相等),则差额数将被过账到前面步骤创建的分录的默认借方科目或贷方科目。


  • 谢谢分享,中英文 对照,蛮好,


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